Moody`s reports the facts:
The top 10 private names are familiar: Harvard University ($42.8 billion in cash and investments in fiscal 2014), Stanford University ($31.6 billion), Yale University ($25.4 billion), Princeton University ($21.3 billion), Massachusetts Institute of Technology ($15.2 billion), University of Pennsylvania ($11.9 billion), Duke University ($11.4 billion), Northwestern University ($10.4 billion), Columbia University ($9.9 billion) and University of Notre Dame ($9.5 billion).
Lists like this give a slightly misleading impression because they don`t mention the size of the student body and, most importantly, the presence or absence of professional schools (which are expensive, especially Medicine). The wealthiest university on this list, in reality, is Princeton, which has neither Law, nor Medical, nor Business Schools. MIT doesn`t have Law or Medicine. Notre Dame doesn`t have Medicine. All the others have all three.
The wealthiest "public" is the University of Texas system, with over 36 billion (including law, medical, and business schools--in some cases more than one!). It serves somewhere in the vicinity of 160,000 students. Princeton, with its mere 21.3 billion, serves about 8,000 students.